The dominating feature od Chinese life is a conservatism that has followed
certain habits and traditions for 40 centuries. Altthough there was some
culture in China five thousand years ago, we shall begin our study with the
Chou Dynasty (1125-255 B.C.), during which time China reached its zenith
of intellectual and artistic achievement. Confucius (552-479 B.C.) was
almost a comtemporary of the Golden Age of Athens.
The Han Dynasty (206 B.C.-A.D. 221) marked
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known, being four-sided but not square, built in two sections with a steep
overhanging roof with upturned corners, a raised ridge board with an
elevated section at each end. The buildings in the Forbidden City, Peiping,
are beutifully proportioned and are embelished with glaze tile, lacquers, and
gilding. The work of the Ming and Manchu emperors, these buildings are
typical of the finest Chinese architecture. Few buildings now standing are
older than the Ming Dynasty.