The cold war was something that grew out from the breakdown of the western-soviet coalition against Hitler's Germany and the countries allies during WWII. In 1946 Sir Winston Churchill gave an address on foreign affairs at Westminster College. In it he said: "From Stettin in the Baltic to Trieste in the Adriatic, an iron curtain has descended across the Continent [of Europe]." These words marked the beginning of the Cold War. Churchill's words referred to the
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based on fear and paranoia. This was displayed by the
establishment of the C.I.A. to research Communist activities in foreign nations. Paranoia also fueled the arms race that brought the advent of the H-bomb, the development of ICBM's with nuclear capability, and the escalation of the space program race.
The Cold War was not really a war at all because there wasn't any physical combat between the United States and the Soviet Union.