During the New England Renaissance period of 1840-1855, literature underwent two very
distinct movements known as Transcendentalism and Anti-Transcendentalism. Both movements
were very influential and consisted of authors such as Ralph Waldo Emerson (Transcendentalist)
and Nathaniel Hawthorne (Anti-Transcendentalist). Concentrating their ideas on human nature
and intuition, rather than on logic and reason, both these movements served as a flourishing revolt
against previously accepted ideas.
The Transcendental movement focused its ideas on the essential unity of
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knew (or wanted to
admit) what the black veil symbolized, Mr. Hooper running into nature's darkness is symbolic of
this Anti-Transcendental idea.
Both the Transcendental and Anti-Transcendental movements, influenced literature
greatly. The authors during the movements concentrated on reflecting the ideas (of the
corresponding movement) to the reader in a symbolic way through literature. The literature builds
the idea of humanity and nature in different perspectives, which reflects the principle ideas of both