For minorities, as for other Americans, the Civil War was an opportunity
to prove their valor and loyalty. Among the first mustered into the Union
Army were a De Kalb regiment of German American clerks, the
Garibakdi Guards made up of Italian Americans, a "Polish Legion," and
hundreds of Irish American youths form Boston and New York. But in
Ohio and Washington, D.C., African American volunteers were turned
away from recruiting stations and told, "
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peace was dead. The Civil War had solved some old problems for the
United States. But it created some new problems as well. But many of the
problems created by the Civil War have been solved. Towns have been
rebuilt, new industries flourish, and new schools have been erected. Most
of the damage of war has been long repaired. North and South both
enjoy prosperity. But many of the human problems still remain.