THE BAROQUE AGE
Social and Cultural Background
Baroque is a term borrowed from the visual arts and one that is used
in many different senses. The Baroque Era applies to the years between
1600 and 1750. The most famous composers of this time were Bach, Handel,
Vivaldi and Teleman.
Politically it was an age of magnificent absolute Monarch’s. The most
magnificent of all was Louis XIV of France. Louis ruled from 1634 until 1713.
During this time the
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standard winds-oboe, flute, bassoon-but also for instruments such as the
piccolo, mandolin, and guitar.
One of his best known works is “the Four Seasons.” It is a set of four
concerti grossi which relate to nature during these seasons. The spirit of
childlike playfulness can be seen throughout out this piece which is
important to Baroque style. It is very easy to see why Vivaldi’s pieces are
still played and enjoyed to this day.