Organisations exist in uncertain, changing environment and continually confront new challenge and problems, managers must find solutions to these challenges and problems if organisations are to survive, prosper, and perform effectively (Jones 2004, p.1). In order to attain this objective, it is necessary to investigate that how organisations function and how they affect and are affected by the environment.
The organisation is the collection of people working together to achieve a common purpose (DuBrin 2002, p. 256). According
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Evaluation Journal of Australia, vol. 2 (new series), no. 1, pp. 20-26.
Drucker, P 1993, Post-Capitalist Society, Harper Business, New York.
DuBrin, AJ 2002, Fundamentals of organizational behaviour, 2nd edn, South-Western, Ohio.
Freeman, RE 1998, 'A Stakeholder Theory of the Modern Corporation', in The Corporation and its Stakeholders: Classic and contemporary Readings, ed. M.B.E. Clarkson, pp. 125-138, University of Toronto Press, Toronto.
Jones, GR 2004, Organizational theory, design, and change: text and case, 4th edn, Pearson Education, New Jersey.