Mesopotamian Art and Arquitecture

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Mesopotamian Art and Architecture The arts and buildings of the ancient Middle Eastern civilizations developed in the area (now Iraq) between the Tigris and Euphrates rivers from prehistory to the 6th century BC. Their art reflects both their love and fear of natural forces, as well as their military conquests. The soil of Mesopotamia yielded the civilization's major building material, mud brick. This clay also was used by the Mesopotamians for their pottery, terra-cotta sculpture, …

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…the Persian Achaemenid king Cyrus the Great. Mesopotamia beame part of the Persian Empire, and a royal palace was built at Babylon, which was made one of the empire's administrative capitals. Among the remains from Babylon of the time of Alexander the Great, is a theater he built at the site known now as Humra. The brilliance of Babylon was ended about 250 BC when the inhabitants of Babylon moved to Seleucia, built by Alexander's successors.