Joseph Heller satirizes, among other matters, red tape and bureaucracy in his first novel,
Catch-22. The novel concerns itself with a World War II bombardier named Yossarian
who suddenly realizes the danger of his position and tries various means to extricate
himself from further missions. Yossarian is driven crazy by the Germans, who keep
shooting at him when he drops bombs on them, and by his American superiors, who seem
less concerned about winning
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Meaning of Catch-22. Studies in American Fiction.
Seltzer, Leon F. "Milo's 'Culpable Innocence': Absurdity as Moral Insanity in 'Catch-22.'"
Papers on Language and Literature. 15.3 (1979)
Usborne, David. "Joseph Heller, Master of Black Satire." Independent News. (Dec 14,
1999): 2pp. Online. Internet. Feb 12 2000. Available:
Way, Brian. "Formal Experiment and Social Discontent: Joseph Heller's Catch 22." The
Penguin Companion to American Literature. Ed. Malcolm Bradbury, Eric Mottram, and