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receives one chromosome. You end up with two new, identical bacteria cells. In transformation, bacteria take up fragments of DNA released into the soil or water from decomposing bacteria. Transduction involves the transfer of DNA between bacteria cells by a bacteriophage. Out of the 30,000 bacteria species discovered, only a few hundred cause diseases yet hundreds of millions have died from bacteria related sickness. Other diseases caused by bacteria include tuberculosis, tetanus, cholera and Lyme disease.