The Nazi camp of Auschwitz, located thirty miles west of Krakow, was the largest, most deadly camp used during World War II (Friedrich 2). Built in 1940, it was the first camp located beyond the frontiers of the Third Reich (Friedrich 4). "According to various estimates, 1,600,000 people were murdered in the killing center…" (Yahil 372). Ninety percent of those who were murdered in Auschwitz were Jewish (Yahil 372).
Originally an Austrian artillery barracks, Auschwitz was to be supposed to be
showed first 75 words of 1713 total
showed last 75 words of 1713 total
byword for all that is bestial in humankind." (Gutman 117).
Adelsberger, Lucie. Auschwitz: A Doctor's Story. Boston: N.U.P., 1995.
Friedrich, Otto. The Kingdom of Auschwitz. New York: HarperCollins, 1994.
Gilbert, Martin. Auschwitz and Allies. New York: Holt Rinehart Winston, 1981.
Gutman, Isreal. Encyclopedia of the Holocaust. New York: Macmillan, 1990.
Meltzer, Milton. Never to Forget: The Jews of the Holocaust. New York: Harper & Row, 1976.
Yahil, Leni. The Holocaust: The Fate of the European Jewry. New York: Oxford, 1990.