ld be at my very elbow" symbolizes that the forest is a mysterious and frightful place (244). With the words, "staff, which bore the likeness of a great black snake" (244) and "The moment his fingers touched them, they became strangely withered and dried up as with a week’s sunshine" symbolizes the devil (246).
Another important literary element that Hawthorne uses is characterization. He also uses symbolism to represent his characters. For instance, Faith is the wife
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bad. Therefore, he doubts everyone and trusts no one, which leads to a miserable life. The words, " they carved no hopeful verse upon his tombstone", shows that Young Goodman Brown did have a miserable and unhappy life (251). This allegory tries to tell you that everyone has both good and evil within each individual.
Meyer, Michael. Ed. The Compact Bedford Introduction to Literature. "Young Goodman Brown". Bedford Books of St. Martin’s Press: Boston, 1997.