The French presence in North America was spearheaded by the exploration of the Gulf of St. Lawrence and the great river leading inland by Jaques Cartier in the 1530s. The English immediately contested the French claims on the grounds that they conflicted with prior English claims dating from John Cabot’s landings on the east coast of North America in 1497, thus setting off a struggle which was to dominate the history of the region until
showed first 75 words of 1069 total
showed last 75 words of 1069 total
concentrated in their seigneuries, bound together by their language, their old culture, and their religion—which now assumed far greater importance in their lives than it had since the early seventeenth century—successfully resisted the continual fumbling efforts of the Anglo-Canadians and British officials to assimilate them, to make them over into English-speaking Protestants, or at least to exorcize their divisive language. All that this accomplished was to strengthen what the conquerors sought to eradicate.