The Protestant Reformation
Many ideas of the Renaissance like humanism, individualism and secularism stimulated a strong critique of the church´s policy and the clergy´s behaviour. Many people regarded it as a scandal that the catholic church sold indulgences. Indulgences were documents, stamped by the church which could reduce your sins. People who bought indulgences believed that this document could pave their way to heaven. In northern Germany they went so far that they
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After a long argument between Luther and the church
Luther was excomunicated from the church in the year 1521. That meant that he was not allowed to be a catholic priest anymore. After that he founded a completly new form of christianity - protestantism.
A century later so many people were convinced by Luther´s new ideas of Christian religion that they founded new forms of Protestantism like Calvinism, Anabaptism and the Church of England.