Many have asked what essetial ingredients formulate the Arabic Culture. Since this deals with such a large area, in both time and space, it is very much so as G.H von Wright writes, hard to limit it from earlier and contemporary civilizations. The question is if one is able to/should attempt to do so.
Through history many different tribes have ruled Mesopotamia (which becomes a natural starting point concerning the Arabic culture since
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showed last 75 words of 493 total
in Iran. Accordingly, the Arabic (Mesopotamian) culture preceded also the Persian culture.
The conclusion of the second question is that the Arabic culture cannot trace its roots in neither the Greek, Jewish or Persian culture since it simply preceded them. More likely one could say that the cultures which evolved in Europe and in many other parts of the world in one way or another can trace some of their roots in the Arabic culture.