Ho Chi Minh
As the founder of the Indo-Chinese Communist party in 1930 and president of North Vietnam from 1945 to 1969, Ho Chi Minh led the longest and most costly 20th-century war against colonialism. His whole adult life was devoted to ending French and later, American domination of Vietnam. His goals were achieved in 1975, six years after his death, when the last Americans left South Vietnam. The Vietnamese communist has always claimed that Ho Chi Minh
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began to fade the scene, withdrawing gradually from day-to-day command of PAVN. General Dung began to take up the reins of authority.
Published in 1997 Stanley Thornes (Publishers) LTD
2. Dien Bien Phu and the Crisis of Franco-American Relations 1954-1955
Kaplan, Lawrence & Artaud, Denise & Rubin, Mark.
La Manufacture, Lyon, France 1937
3. Microsoft Encarta 97 Encyclopeadia
4. The Times Mirror Company; Los Angeles Times, 1994.
GEORGE ESPER, Battle of Dien Bien Phu Shaped Southeast Asia