The Crusades were wars between Christians and Muslims, fought in Palestine. In 1071, Turkish Muslims captured Jerusalem. The Muslims stopped the Christians from visiting the holy places in Palestine. Naturally, Christian rulers in Europe were very angry about this.
&lt;Tab/&gt;The Byzantine emperor in Constantinople asked the Pope to help him drive the Turks from the Holy Land. Peter the Hermit and the Pope started the first Crusade. Pope Urban II said
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Christian city at Acre.
&lt;Tab/&gt;During the Crusades, European people learned about the eastern parts of the world. When they returned to Europe, they brought back with them many new things including foods, spices, silk, and paper. They learned about medicine, mathematics, and astronomy from the Arabs, and trade between east and west began to grow.
Mr. Sedivy. Medieval History. Retrieved February 15, 2005, from http://mr_sedivy.tripd.com/med_hist3.html