The Gulf War
The Persian Gulf war was launched on January 6, 1991, after international
diplomatic efforts and sanctions had failed to force Iraq to withdraw from Kuwait, which
was ilegally invaded on August 2, 1990, by the january 15th deadline set by the united
nations. The 31-nation military moved against Iraq, commanded by U.S. general H.
Norman Schwarzkopf, included forces from the United States, Saudi Arabia, Egypt,
Britain, Syria, and France. Japan, Germany, and others aided the
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Iraq. Among the postwar priorities were the re-building of
Kuwait, the destruction of Iraq’s chemical and nuclear weapons capabilities, and the
negotiation of a broad Middle East peace accord. The war was notable for the prominent
role played by electronic-weapons systems, such as the Tomahawk cruise missle and the
patriot antimissle system. It was also the first war in which environmental destruction,
which is also known as “ecoterrorism”, was a major part of strategy.