Ms. Bentley Smith
Am. History Gt
Throughout the early 1900s, the South became known for African Americans like
Margaret walker as a "sorrow home". Life was not easy for them. More than two thirds of
African Americans were sharecropping farmers who paid the landowners a part of their
crops in exchange for rent of their land. Jobs were also scarce and low-paying. Some
factories were simply closed to them and they
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blacks, even going so far as to board northbound trains and to attack black men and
women to try to force them into returning to the South. Despite the jobs and housing
available in the North, the challenges of living in an urban environment were daunting for
many of the new migrants.
The stream of migrants continued apace, however, until the Great Depression and World
War II caused northern demand for workers to slacken.