The crusades were military expeditions launched against the
Muslims by the Christians in an attempt to regain the Holy Land. They
took place between 1095 A.D. and 1270 A.D. It was one of the most
violent periods in the history of mankind.
The starting point of the crusades was on November 18, 1095
A.D. when Pope Urban II opened the Council of Clermont. On November
27, outside the French city of Clermont-Ferrand, the Pope made
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Damietta was given up and
a ransom was paid.
The Europeans' calls for more crusades were stupid and didn't
accomplish much.(8) Italian cities had better commerce and there was
a greater interest in exploring the orient thanks to the crusades.
New trade markets were established. The direct general taxation
system was developed during the crusades.
As you can see, the crusades were one of the most violent
periods of time in the history