The modern American Labor Movement grew from an economic depression into a surging organization that has seen extensive corruption.
In 1932, Franklin D. Roosevelt was elected President of an economy that was in shambles. During his Presidency, he enacted several new programs that were part of his "New Deal". One of the programs that were passed was the National Recovery Administration. In this program, Section 7a specifically placed on the statute books the rights of unions
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have secretly continued his efforts to reestablish a union position. On July 30, 1975, he disappeared from a suburban restaurant near Detroit under circumstances that have never been fully determined. He was said to have had an appointment at the restaurant with Anthony Provenzano, a New Jersey Teamster official and former Mafia figure, and Anthony Giacalone, a Detroit mobster; both later denied having seen Hoffa, who was never seen again. He was legally declared "presumed dead" in 1982.