"Once an individual has been convicted of a criminal offence the government has the right to administer a sanction." (Criminal Justice, p. 209) While this may be anything from a fine to incarceration, in the past century imprisonment has been the favored option. During the 1960's and 70's when there was little emphasis on the prison system and incarceration, crime rates soared. Yet by the mid-1970's when the prison population increased along with the number
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Current Controversies. San Diego, CA: Greenhaven Press, Inc., 2000. Pp 64-141.
4.Haney, Craig and Zimbardo, Philip. "The Past and Future of U.S. Prison Policy: Twenty-five Years after the Stanford Prison Experiment" American Psychologist. Vol. 53(July 1998): pp. 709-727
5.Herman, Peter G. ed. The American Prison System. Bronx, NY: H.W. Wilson, 2001. Pp vii, 5-27,30-32, 45.
6.Roberts, John W. "A Century's Legacy: Five Critical Developments in the Evolution of American Prisons, 1900-200" Corrections Today. August 2000: Pp.5-16