Studies have shown that students who participate in extracurricular activities are less likely to consume drugs if they are subject to random drug testing. This way, a student's health can be monitored just as their education is. Conversely, random drug testing has continued to under go criticism from students, parents, and administrators. They argue that random drug testing infringes on their constitutional rights. However, random drug testing should be protected by the Fourth and the
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student's individual privacy interests.
Gittins, Naomi E., ed. "Fighting Drugs in the Schools: A Legal Manual." Alexandria, Virginia: National School Boards Association, 1988. 143 pages. ED 020 596.
James, McCray M., Urine trouble! Extending constitutionality to mandatory suspicionless drug testing of students in extracurricular activities. Nashville; Vanderbilt Law Review; Jan 2000; Vol. 53, Iss. 1; pg. 387, 40 pgs
Nathan Roberts., Random drug testing of students: Where will the line be drawn?
Baltimore; Journal of Law and Education; Apr 2002; Vol. 31, Iss. 2; pg. 191, 18 pgs ???