“From about 1825 until the outbreak of the civil war in 1861, the atmosphere in the nation was one of reform” (Boardman, 122). There were five major reform movements present in 19th century America. There was the Utopianism/Communitarian Movement, which established an ideal society away from present politics. Educational reforms were important in the fact of creating taxes to support the public school system, higher education for adults, and mandatory education and attendance. The Temperance Movement preached
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showed last 75 words of 4427 total
Harvard University Press, 1971.
Johnson, Thomas. Oxford Companion to American History. New York: Oxford University Press, 1966.
Kazickas, Jurate and Lynn Sherr. Susan B. Anthony Slept Here. New York: Random House Inc., 1976.
Ketz, Louise Bilebofr. Dictionary of American History. New York: Charles Scribner’s Son, 1976.
“Reform Movements in the 19th Century America.” Internet. http://home.earthlink.net/~gfeldmeth/lec.reform.html. 9 Dec. 1999.
Schlesinger, Arthur M. Jr. Almanac of American History. New York: G.P. Putnam’s Sons, 1983.