PASTEUR, Louis (1822-95). The French chemist Louis Pasteur devoted his life to solving practical problems of industry, agriculture, and medicine. His discoveries have saved countless lives and created new wealth for the world. Among his discoveries are the pasteurization process and ways of preventing silkworm diseases, anthrax, chicken cholera, and rabies.
Pasteur sought no profits from his discoveries, and he supported his family on his professor's salary or on a modest government allowance. In the
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had been bitten 14 times by a rabid dog. Pasteur treated the child. The wounds healed and no trace of rabies appeared. Thus Joseph became the first person saved by Pasteur's treatment.
Pasteur had won many honors for his previous discoveries; now the world united to do him special homage. Thousands of people contributed funds to establish a great laboratory, the Pasteur Institute, where scientists conduct research on various diseases. Pasteur died near St-Cloud on Sept. 28, 1895.