Organism reproduction with an emphasis on meiotic cell disivion

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Organisms can reproduce by two processes, asexual and sexual reproduction. Asexual reproduction is the production of offspring by a single parent. Offspring produced asexually inherit their DNA from only one parent and are genetically identical to that parent. Reproductive processes that involve obtaining genetic information from two parents that involve the union of a sperm and an egg is called sexual reproduction. A sperm and egg individually carry one set of genetic information. Egg and …

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…parent is just as likely. To find out the probability of the offspring acquiring two non-linked genes from a parent that the other parent doesn't have, you have to multiply the two percentages together (50% x 50% = 25%). The meiotic process of cell division found in sexually reproducing organisms accounts for the greatest source of genetic variation. This process is essential for maintaining healthy, stable populations and lays the foundation for the processes of natural selection and evolution.