(b. April 22, 1904, New York City--d. Feb. 18, 1967, Princeton, N.J., U.S.), U.S. theoretical physicist and science administrator, noted as director of the Los Alamos laboratory during dEvelopment of the atomic bomb (1943-45) and as director of the Institute for Advanced Study, Princeton (1947-66). Accusations as to his loyalty and reliability as a security risk led to a government hearing that resulted in the loss of his security clearance and of his position as adviser
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D.C. April 12, 1954 Through May 6, 1954 (1954), is the fundamental document on Oppenheimer's trial by the Atomic Energy Commission. Among the numerous publications on this trial (all of them in favour of Oppenheimer), see Philip M. Stern, The Oppenheimer Case: Security on Trial (1969); and Peter Michelmore, The Swift Years: The Robert Oppenheimer Story (1969). Haakon Chevalier, the professor denounced by Oppenheimer, describes this issue in The Man Who Would Be God (1959) and Oppenheimer: The Story of a Friendship (1965).