Nathaniel Hawthorne was the first American writer to gain international critical
recognition as a great master of prose fiction. His works are noted for their
psychological probing into human nature. His stories and sketches reveal themes
central to Hawthornes imagination.
Nathaniel Hawthorne was born on July 4, 1804, in Salem, Massachusetts. His
father died of yellow fever when Nathaniel was only four years old, leaving him with his
mom and two sisters in financial need. Nathaniel
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Hawthornes weakness and health was fading rapidly and mysteriously. He was
still able to salvage some of the material in his English journals. He had attempted to write more,
but his imagination of literature was being less successful.
He had dedicated Our Old Home to Franklin Pierce in 1863. In 1864, Franklin Pierce
took Hawthorne on a trip to the mountains, but on the way there, at Plymouth, New Hampshire
early in the morning, on May 19, 1864,