DESCRIPTION OF MUSCULAR DYSTROPHY
Muscular dystrophy is a group of progressive, genetic diseases in which the muscles that control movement degenerate and weaken. In some forms of this inherited disease, the heart and other involuntary muscles and organs are affected too.
There are nine types of muscular dystrophy - (1) Myotonic Muscular Dystrophy (2) Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy (3) Becker Muscular Dystrophy (4) Limb-Girdle Muscular Dystrophy (5) Facioscapulohumeral Muscular Dystrophy (6) Congenital Muscular Dystrophy (7) Oculopharyngeal Muscular Dystrophy (8) Distal Muscular Dystrophy (9) Emery-Dreifuss Muscular
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and effective ways for inserting a working dystrophin gene into the muscles of boys with Duchenne and Becker muscle dystrophies.
As scientists identify the gene and protein abnormalities that cause other forms of muscular dystrophy, the promise of further genetic therapies is also expanding. Under the Muscular Dystrophy Association Advisory Committee, Association-funded scientists intensively search for non-genetic therapies - for example, corticosteroids - that might slow, stop or reverse the progression of the muscular dystrophies.