Muhammad Ali Jinnah's (a.k.a. Father of the Nation or Quaid-e-Azam) achievement as the founder of Pakistan, dominates everything else he did in his long and crowded public life spanning some 42 years. Yet, by any standard, his was an eventful life, his personality multidimensional and his achievements in other fields were many, if not equally great. Indeed, several were the roles he had played with distinction: at one time or another, he was one
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Jinnah accepted a 1946 British plan guaranteeing regional autonomy to the Muslims within a territorially united India, but the plan failed, and the British were forced to create a separate Pakistan (August 14, 1947). Jinnah was revered as Qaid-i-Azam ("Great Leader"). He was elected as the first governor general on August 15, 1947. His constant effort ,struggle, and courage to create a nation thus gave him the name "father of the nation". He died in Karachi on September 11, 1948.