Son of the religious philosopher henry James, Sr., and brother of the psychologist and philosopher William, Henry James was born in New York City, April 15, 1843. His early life was spent in America; on and off he was taken to Europe, especially during the impressionable years from twelve to seventeen. After that he lived in Newport, went briefly to Harvard, and, in 1864, began to contribute both criticism and tales to the magazine. In 1869, and then in 1872
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In 1905 he revisited the United States and wrote The American Scene (1907). He also wrote many works of criticism and travel. Although old and ailing, he threw himself into war work in 1914; and in 1915, a few months before his death, he became a British subject. In January 1916 King George V conferred the Order of Merit on him. He died in London on February 28, 1916, and his ashes were buried in the James family plot in Cambridge, Massachusetts.