Independent Study Assignment Chemistry (SCHOA1)

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Identify the following organic compounds: 1: Hydrocarbons. Hydrocarbons are chemical compounds of hydrogen and carbon; also called an organic compound. Hydrogen and carbon atoms can be combined in virtually countless ways to make a diversity of products. Carbon atoms form the skeleton of the hydrocarbon molecule, and may be arranged in chains (aliphatic) or rings (cyclic). There are three principal types of hydrocarbons that occur naturally in petroleum: paraffins, naphthenes, and aromatics, each with distinctive properties. …

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…group consists of a carbonyl group directly attached to an N atom. Amides are weak bases, and are generally insoluble in water. However, the lower-molecular-weight amides are slightly soluble in water because of the hydrogen bonding taking place between the amides' polar N—H bonds and the water molecules. Amides whose N atoms are bonded to two H atoms have higher melting and boiling points than amides that have more attached alkyle groups. Page 74 and 75