Gothic Art

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Romanesque may first be sensed in new structural developments.. Sophisticated but unsatisfactory attempts to vault the great basilican naves safely, with elements of Roman, Byzantine, or Eastern origin, impelled progressive Romanesque engineers, from about 1090 onward, to invent a new type of ribbed groin-vaulted unit bay, using pointed arches to distribute thrust and improve the shape of the geometric surfaces. Fifty years of experimentation produced vaulting that was light, strong, open, versatile, and applicable everywhere--in short, …

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showed last 75 words of 368 total
…with aisles and galleries, an imposing tower system, and beautiful sculptures. Each one was entirely vaulted, typically, with barrel vaults over the nave, quadrant vaults (four-part vaults, formed by two intersecting arches) over the galleries, and groin-vaulted aisles. A little later, at the Cluniac priory of Saint-Étienne (Nevers, Fr.), such a church was boldly built with clerestory (part of the nave, choir, and transept walls above the aisle roofs) windows under the high vault.