Before Columbus sailed to the New World and before Europe
reached their “Enlightenment Era” two significant kingdoms flourished
on the west coast of what some refer to as the motherland: Africa.
The name of these two mighty states are Ghana and Mali. Ghana
was the first West African state of which their was any record. After
the downfall near the end of the eleventh century, Mali rose up to take
their place as the economic,
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signs of declination became
apparent. The decline was brought on by a series of invasions by the
Songhay and Mossi people. Mali continued to exist as a small,
semi-independent state for many years.
Ghana and Mali were two very important kingdoms in the
history of the continent as well as the world as a whole. Researching
their times of prosperity and also their decline can be keys in
unlocking the mysteries of the twenty-first century.