Pope Urban II had called the Christians to join him in a Holy War to reclaim the Holy
Lands as an act of Christianity, but there were many activities that took place that
weren’t characteristics of Christianity. The Crusades were a smokescreen for Pope’s
craving for power and control.
The Crusades were the idea of Pope Urban II, a wise Frenchman. On November
18, 1095 AD, Pope Urban II opened the Council of Clermont. Nine
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showed last 75 words of 2152 total
Phillips, Jonathan. First Crusades: Origins and Impacts. Washington: Viking Penguin
Sellman, R.R. The Crusades. New York: Roy Publishers. 1955
Treece, Henry. The Crusades. New York: Random House. 1962
[Online] Available http://server21.scasd.k12.pa.us/developers/dxk11/History%20Day/
Coolidge, Olivia. Tales of The Crusade. Boston: Houghton Mifflin Co. 1970
Lamb, Harold. The Crusades: The Flame of Islam. New York: Garden City Publishing.