Court cases dealing with the 14th amendment

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Plessy v. Ferguson 14th amendment- equal protection Argued 1896, Decided-1896 Louisiana placed a law giving separate railway cars for blacks and whites. In 1892, Homer Plessy- 7/8 Caucasian, sat in a "whites only" car of a Louisiana train, and refused to move to the car for blacks and was then arrested. The Court had to decide whether the Louisiana law was unconstitutional under the 14th amendment. The Court ruled that the state law was within its constitutional boundaries. …

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…Protection Clause? No, in a 7-1 decision. The Court ruled that VMI's male only admission policy was unconstitutional, because it failed to show "exceedingly persuasive justification" for VMI's gender- biased admission policy, which violated the 14th amendment. Va's VWIL didn't offer the same benefits as the men (training, faculty, courses, facilities, financial, or alumni reputation and connections that VMI affords its male cadets). Finally, the 4th Circuit's "substantive comparability" between VMI and VWIL was misplaced.