Compare and Contrast Essay of Aristotleís Nichomachean Ethics and John Stuart Millís Utilitarianism

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Aristotle's Nicomachean Ethics is an analysis of character and intelligence as they relate to happiness. Here, Aristotle distinguished two kinds of "virtue," or human excellence: moral and intellectual. Moral virtue is an expression of character, formed by habits reflecting repeated choices. It is a mean between two less desirable extremes. Courage, for example, is a mean between cowardice and thoughtless rashness. Intellectual virtues are not subject to this doctrine of the mean. Nevertheless, it seemed …

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…doing these kinds of things for their own sake, and so on. But, intrinsically desirable as these specific virtuous actions are, they are not the most final end, that, after all, is the chief good--eudaimonia or a good life. Eudaimonia is not, however, distinct from these excellent, distinctively human activities. Taken together, in some harmonious way, they make up a eudaimon life. Yet another point reminiscent of Millís happiness has having "parts" or "ingredients."