Unless we accept the claim that Lenin's coup that gave
birth to an entirely new state, and indeed to a new era in the
history of mankind, we must recognize in today's Soviet Union
the old empire of the Russians -- the only empire that survived
into the mid 1980s (Luttwak, 1).
In their Communist Manifesto of 1848, Karl Marx and
Friedrich Engels applied the term communism to a final stage of
socialism in which all class
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unity laid down in 1921.
Daniels, Robert V., A Documentary History of Communism. New York:
Random House Publishing, 1960.
Farah, Mounir, The Human Experience. Columbus: Bell & Howess Co.,
Luttwak, Edward N., The Grand Strategy of the Soviet Union. New
York: St. Martins Press, 1983.
Pipes, Richard, Survival is Not Enough. New York: S&S Publishing,
Stoessinger, John G., Nations in Darkness. Boston: Howard Books,
Wren, Christopher S., The End of the Line. San Francisco:
Blackhawk Publishing, 1988.