Huey P. Newton and Bobby Seale founded the Black Panther Party for Self-Defense in October 1966, in Oakland, California. The name was shortened to the Black Panther Party later. Stokely Carmicheal, the leader of the Student Non-Violent Coordinating Committee (SNCC) also joined the Black Panther Party. The Black Panther Party's main goals were to end police brutality, and strengthen Black communities through organization and education. There was only one problem in their plan. The problem was
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of the Panthers in combination with police executions of dozens and the arrests of hundreds of Black Panther Party members from across the country eventually spelled out the demise of the Party. Nevertheless, the Panthers made a lasting impression on the nature of not only black nationalism and civil rights, but they helped create and motivate thousands of young, lower-class citizens to stand up for their human rights while helping to redefine the New America.