Benedict Arnold’s Raid
The purpose and intent of Arnold’s raid was to capture Portsmouth. Controlling
Portsmouth would bring him closer to the ruling position in Virginia. The Revolutionary War
Raids affected many cities. Norfolk was the first place he raided. It was raided on January 1,
1776. The cities of Portsmouth, Suffolk, and Norfolk were targeted on May 11, 1779. Hampton,
Richmond, Westover, Charles City, and Petersburg were hit on later dates.
Four ships were used in
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into Portsmouth with good health and high spirits. The troops behaved with
firmness, perserverance, and a spirit that gave great honor to the veterans.They were very
deficient in pilots for the rivers and owe their success in getting up with so much expedition in
great measure to the industry, attention and knowledge of Captain William Goodriche. Cap.
Goodriche was the only pilot they could depend upon and took unwearied pains by day and night.