Essay Question # 7: Federalists v. Anti-Federalists
The Constitution of the United States is the system of fundamental laws of the United States of America. The Constitution was drawn up by 55 delegates to the Constitutional Convention in Philadelphia during the summer of 1787 and ratified by the states in 1788. According to Professor Lowi, the Constitution was based on three principles of limitation: federalism--the "vertical" division of power, separation of powers-the "horizontal" division of power, and individual rights- the "
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conservative group. These individuals in both eras prefer the traditional state and local levels of government, because "policies made at those levels have tended to favor owner over renter, employer over employee, higher status over lower, males over females, and, earlier, whites over people of color."(Ginsberg,Lowi,Weir;p.652) This is the opposite for the Anti-Federalists and Democrats of today who tend to be more liberal. These individuals prefer to emphasize equality over liberty.