The American musical is a relatively new form which developed over the years leading up to the 20th century. In the romantic period, 'heavy' operas by composers such as Verdi and Puccini lead to a reaction in Europe where composers such as Offenbach began to write lighter comedy operas. In England during the late 19th century, Gilbert and Sullivan developed the form in their D'Oyly Carte opera productions. Speech was introduced, and the operettas developed
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showed last 75 words of 2021 total
database/porter_c.html http://lupus.northern.edu:90/yurgaitd/mtoutln.htm 'Broadway Babies Say Goodnight' Mark Steyn publ. Faber & faber 1997 'Encyclopaedia of the Musical' Stanley Green 'An Interview with Aaron Copland' BBC Music Magazine October 2000 'All American Hero' BBC Music Magazine October 2000 'Showboat' Hollywood MGM Musicals 'The Incomparable Ella' Ella Fitzgerald Polydor record company 'The King and I - Original motion picture sound track' Angel record company 'The Musicals Collection - West Side Story'