A Study of Jack London’s Belief in Darwinism
Jack London has a strong belief in Darwinism, survival of the fittest, during the
late 1800’s through the early 1900’s, when he wrote. Throughout his writings, many
characters display London’s belief in Darwinism. In the novel, The Call of the Wild,
Jack London’s belief in social darwinism is portrayed by animals interacting with
humans, each other, and the environment. This can be shown through
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struggles, and as a result survives (Tuttelton 293, Kazin 88).
Another critic, Maxwell Geismar, also believes that The Call of the Wild is a celebration
of animal instincts (153). The critics and I both feel that London does believe in
Darwinism, and he portrays this belief throughout the novel. This also shows that the
novel is very true-to-life, because it employs Natural Selection, a fact of nature.
Labor, earle."jack london."New York, gary and sons inc.,1974