Revision/Help Notes: Russian Civil War
After the overthrow of the Provisional Government on 7th November 1917, the All-Russian Congress of Soviets met and handed over power to the Soviet Council of People's Commissars. Vladimir Lenin was elected chairman and other appointments included leading Bolsheviks such as Leon Trotsky (Foreign Affairs) Alexei Rykov (Internal Affairs), Anatoli Lunacharsky (Education) and Joseph Stalin (Nationalities).
Alexander Kerensky, who had managed to escape arrest, assembled loyal troops from the Northern
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Tukhachevsky, Denikin was forced to leave Russia in April 1920.
General Peter Wrangel now took control of the White Army in the Crimea but he was unable to make much impression against General Mikhail Frunze and the Red Army and in November the remaining members of his army left Russia.
About 800,000 soldiers were killed during the three-year Civil War. It has estimated that another 8 million died as from starvation and disease as result of the war.